The Polish Humanitarian Action (PAH) specializes in Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene projects. In 2014 PAH began a WASH project in Somalia at a camp for internally displaced persons in Mogadishu. Thanks to funds from the European Commission some 300 toilet facilities were constructed. Why is toilet so important so that we celebrate toilet day?

Toilet, a place where if we don’t go each morning, our whole day doesn’t go well. In some emergency situation if we don’t get to use the loo we cannot concentrate on anything else. Every morning we spend our private time in the clean, well marveled toilet. Some of us have our toilets attached near the room and some of us have to walk few steps to reach. Now imagine if we didn’t have the privilege of using these toilets and we had to walk a long distance to use a toilet or we had to help ourselves somewhere in the fields or in some open area. Does this sound good? I am sure it doesn’t. According to the UN, 2.4 billion People do not have adequate sanitation. 1 billion people still defecate in the open. Poor sanitation increases the risk of disease and malnutrition, especially for women and children. Women and girls risk rape and abuse, because they have no toilet that offers privacy.

There are several reasons why people don’t have access to proper toilet, in different developing country because of people’s poor economic condition and poverty they cannot afford making a proper toilet since making a proper toilet is not a cheap investment so they are obliged to defecate in the open. Except this, lack of education is another reason. People with lack of education do not find anything wrong to defecate in the open. Defecating in the open creates sanitation problem which eventually leads to health problem in people and in the worst case scenario it can also lead to death. So it’s a problem that needs to be taken seriously.

Countries like India, Indonesia, Nigeria, Bangladesh, Nepal, Ghana and many more have sanitation problems. A lot of people in each country are without access  to sanitation. For solution to this, people need to be educated so that they can clearly understand the problem and try to solve it. The government of each countries have to concentrate on the country’s sanitation and start doing something about. There should be easy and cheap alternative for the toilets so that even poor people can afford it. Sanitation problems should be taken seriously and each of us, either individually or through any kind of organization, we can try to solve this problem together. On this day “World toilet day” we can start by raising awareness that sanitation is a serious issue and it should be solved since a lot of children are also dying because of it. There are different organization in this world who is focusing on this issue and one of them is Polish Humanitarian Action (PAH)

Author:  Sheetal Dhakal