There is unlimited access to drinking water for the majority of us. We use an enormous amount of water each and every day, eg. to cook, to wash oneself, to do the laundry, and to do the washing-up. In contrast, 780 million people have no access to pure drinking water. 40 percent of people in the world experience the water shortage. It is estimated that 1.8 billion people will have lived in the areas in which there is a chronic shortage of water, and two third of people in the world will probably have been forced to the extremely limited exploitation of the water resources by 2025. Each dollar invested in the development of the water- sanitary sector will bring benefits in many respects, eg. the time saved may be devoted to work or education, there is less expenditure on health care, and there is an increasing productivity of people.
It is the woman to provide water
Researches conducted in 45 developing countries have proved that it is women and children that are responsible for providing water to home. It takes 200 million of hours a day for women to provide water to home which represents 25 percent of their whole time during the day. Time is money. Generating your income, raising your children or learning would be more beneficial instead of providing water. Carrying water is highly detrimental to women’s health. Women cover a distance of about 6 kilometers each and every day, carrying a 20-litre container on their heads.
Lack of water hinders the development of individuals and community
The basic necessity to have access to water determines each and every day. Water is necessary for any family to wash oneself, to cook, and to work. If there is no water, you have no option but to gain access to water. It sometimes takes hours. Activities to provide access to pure drinking water, and investments in the sanitary sector contribute significantly to growth in the economy of the developing countries.
Providing water or going to school- there is not any third option
It is up to children to make a choice. But in fact, there is no choice because you cannot live without water. The lack of water increases the risk of infection. The diseases contracted may prevent you from learning. Learning is a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity to get out of poverty, and to gain access to pure water. Children suffering from diseases developed by the lack of water miss 443 million classes each and every year.
Water vs. food
According to the report produced by the United Nations, the issue of depleting water resources in the world will impact on reduction in food resources. It is estimated that 9 billion people will have lived in the world by 2050. It means that there will be an increase in demand for food of 70 %. Limited access to water hampers food production. Water resources in countries such as the Near East, South Asia, and East Asia, which see a considerable demographic growth, are gradually exhausting. The application of irrigation requires providing access to an adequate amount of water. It is estimated that the field irrigation system has been implemented in 20% of fields cultivated all over the world, and crops harvested in the fields represent no less than 40% of the food produced in the world.